4 Most common horse diseases in your racehorses

common horse diseases
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Avoiding the most common horse diseases will favor the longevity of equines and fuller life.

Horses are among the most beautiful animals on our planet and many people love horse riding and horse racing in the racecourse. Racing horses are very demandable in the world and many people invest lots of money in these horses for gambling. That’s why racing horses must need physical strength and if you are a horse rider or a racing horse owner you must read this article point by point.

Their physical texture gives them not only an admirable elegance but also a privileged strength and physical resistance. However, they need proper care to avoid being affected by the most common diseases in horses. Today we prepare this article about most common horse diseases and how you recognized your horse suffer in disease. If you read very patiently, you must gather knowledge about horse diseases and safe your horse life easily.

Next, we will talk about the health problems most frequently diagnosed in horses; We will see how to provide adequate preventive medicine to combat the most common diseases in horses.

The content of the summery:

How old is a horse?

  1. Tetanus in horses
  2. Influenza or Equine Influenza
  3. Drooling on horses
  4. Colic in horses

How old is a horse?

The life expectancy of a horse can vary according to its race, its lineage and the specific characteristics of its organism. In general, it is estimated that horses can live between 25 and 30 years in optimal conditions. Even ponies, also known as dwarf horses or miniatures, can reach 40 years.

most common horse diseases

However, we must consider that the longevity of each equine also depends on factors external to its organism. By this, we mean that your life expectancy also depends on the care, environment, and lifestyle provided by your caregiver.

A horse that lives in a positive environment has a balanced nutrition and receives the appropriate care. It will be longer lived than equines that do not have adequate preventive medicine or that develop exhaustive physical and mental activities.

Here we share with you 4 most common horse diseases

1. Tetanus in horses

The Tetanus is a bacterial disease that usually affects very often horses. It develops from the introduction of the bacterium Clostridium tetani in the body of the animal. The contact with this pathogenic agent usually occurs through some wound or open lesion.

The first visible signs of this disease take at least a week to appear. The typical symptoms of tetanus occur because the bacterium Clostridium tetani releases two toxins inside the horse’s body, which act on the nervous system.

common horse diseases

The first characteristic symptom of tetanus in horses are involuntary muscle contractions that recur constantly. With the advance of the bacteria in the body, the horse can also present the following symptoms:

  • Impossibility to flex the legs.
  • Jaws closed and very tight (mandibular trismus).
  • Sardonic laughter (facial expression characterized by retraction of the labial commissures and eyes wide open).

It is essential to consult a specialized veterinarian to identify these symptoms, in addition to maintaining optimal hygiene in the environment of horses. This way, we will avoid leaving sharp, sharp objects on the ground.

2. Influenza or Equine Influenza

The equine influenza is also one of the most common horse diseases. It is a very contagious disease that is caused by some subtypes of Influenza virus; the airway is the main form of infection through sneezing.

In principle, the disease is concentrated in the upper respiratory tract, but can rapidly advance to the lungs. Much of its symptoms and possible complications are similar to the flu in humans. Its main symptoms are:

common horse diseases

  • Loss of
  • Sneezing
  • Cough.
  • Runny
  • Recurrent fever (not constant).
  • Conjunctivitis.

If these symptoms are not treated quickly and adequately, complications such as pneumonia and bronchitis may develop; it is essential to act on time.

When observing the first symptoms, it is essential to seek specialized veterinary care for your horse. By acting quickly you can prevent the symptoms from reaching your lungs and generating more severe complications. We give some tips how to racehorse care in winter.

3. Drooling on horses

The Babesiosis is a one of the most common horse diseases. That affects red blood cells and is caused by a protozoan parasite called Babesia. Ticks are the main vectors of Babesia, which allows them to enter the body through their bites.

most common horse diseases

The main symptoms of babesiosis in horses are:

  • Pale mucous membranes (a clear sign of anemia).
  • Anemia.
  • Fever.
  • Anorexy.
  • Darkening of the urine (brown-cognac color).
  • Lethargy.
  • Weakness.
  • Sudden death.

To prevent equine babesiosis, it is essential to periodically deworm your horses with good quality products. Also, when observing these symptoms remember to consult a specialized veterinarian urgently.

4. Colic in horses

When we speak of colic in horses, we refer to a set of health problems with diverse causes that produce a spasmodic pain in the abdomen. In general, they involve complex symptomatology that can vary according to the specific cause of the colic.

However, the following symptoms of colic in horses can be mentioned:

common horse diseases

  • Restlessness and
  • Excessive sweating
  • Dehydration
  • Constipation.
  • Wallow in on itself
  • Uncontrolled or clumsy movements, which may include self-mutilation.
  • Constipation.
  • Abdominal swelling and gas

The treatment of colic in horses is to relieve pain and take preventive measures aimed at combating or controlling the cause. Logically, the guidance of a specialized veterinarian is required to diagnose the cause and administer appropriate treatment.


We hope this article helps you to recognize most common horse diseases before sick your horse, we try to engage all important information for you. Now you easily treat and take advise your nearest veterinary expert.  We always try to give the best information to our readers.

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The article of freehorseracingtips4u.com gives opinions and recommendations of the professional team, they are not diagnostic. For each particular case or problem in your horses, we recommend that you contact a professional, who makes the diagnosis for the horse. We always advise you, if you find any changed behavior in your horse, don’t be late to consult your trusted veterans experts.

Have a nice day!!

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