There are many reasons to have a horse. It may have been a gift for your children, perhaps because of its physical and psychological benefits. Or maybe your steed is destined to compete in races. So, everything you need to know about feeding a racehorse.
As with elite athletes, food is one of the fundamental keys to achieving a good result. If you want your animal to be in shape, come to the competition in optimal conditions and provide the best of itself, you must take care of your diet.
In the last article, we talked about the amount of feed and fodder that an average horse should take. Today we want to explain some tips for feeding a racehorse.
Our racing horse needs only one thing: energy. How much? Many, tons of energy, which will be released in a short space of time.
The content of the summery:
- What kind of energy do you use during a race
- I think or fodder for a competition horse?
- Specific nutrients
- Hydration of the racehorse
- When to feeding a racehorse
Here we share 5 tips for feeding a racehorse
What kind of energy do you use during a race
When a horse performs the exercise, it extracts energy from the oxidation of ATP, adenosine triphosphate. This system is used by living beings to obtain energy. When it is spent – and during a race, it is spent fast -, it is necessary to regenerate it. For that, there are two ways: glucose and fat. The first one contributes ATP immediately and serves for intense efforts during short periods; the fat serves in the medium term.
Actually, it is not so different from humans. We need sugar to recover from an intense effort, but we will not always lose weight in that exercise.
It is necessary to find a balance between the energy that the horse consumes and the energy that it eats. If you spend more than you eat, you will lose weight; and if it is the other way around, it will get fatter. In any case, it will not be in optimal conditions to participate in a competition.
I think or fodder for a competition horse?
Competition horses need the right mix of feed and fodder. Throughout history, they have been fed forage, which they consumed almost constantly and in small quantities; this is no longer enough. To obtain a good result in a competition it is necessary to take concentrates. They should be introduced with the measure, because an excess can cause gastrointestinal problems.
Forages are the basis of the diet of herbivorous animals. The best time to consume grass is at the beginning of spring; then the grass provides its greatest nutritional value.
The concentrate can be composed of grain (corn, oats, barley) or can be combined with other ingredients. The quantities will depend on the moment in which our animal is found. In the sedentary state, the forage is sufficient; When exercising, the concentrate is introduced proportionally to the intensity of the competition. We also suggest to learn most common horse behavior problems.
Nutrients are important parts of feeding a racehorse. It is important to know what nutrients provide a value to the horse and, more specifically, to each part of the animal. Thus, after an analysis, we can feed it in one way or another.
If we want to increase your blood capacity, it is necessary to absorb iron and folic acid; If we seek to improve the circulatory system in general, we can increase the intake of vitamin E and sodium. Calcium favors the skeleton and the musculature is improved with magnesium and selenium.
Hydration of the racehorse
The intense exercise makes the horses sweat, which can lose up to 5 liters per 100 kilos of weight during a competition. This loss of water and minerals weakens its strength, so it is necessary to maintain constant hydration and, sometimes, provide electrolyte supplements.
If you are going to transport the animal after the competition, it may take 24 hours before it regains its weight. To minimize this effort, it is advisable to supply salts supplements before the competition or supplements that absorb water.
The first thing makes the animal thirsty, drink more and, therefore, be more hydrated. By means of the second, the hydric reserves and of salts in the intestine are increased.
When to feeding a racehorse
Perhaps as important is what as when to feeding a racehorse. Of little use giving an animal the energy, it needs to make an effort if we do it at an inappropriate time. Once you know the date and time of the race, how far in advance should you feed it?
It must be programmed so that the animal has been able to absorb all the nutrients, but has not consumed them in other activities and can thus be exploited to the maximum at the necessary time.
It is proven that the best time for feeding racehorses is three hours before exercise. Those animals that feed with a greater margin or even those who spend a night fasting suffer a drop in sugar that decreases their performance on the track.
The best way to feed a competition horse is to think about its energy peaks, increase the feed when the competition approaches and maintain sufficient hydration. With these keys in mind, you will surely win!
We hope now you know how to feeding a racehorse and now you easily maintain for your next horse racing games.
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The article of freehorseracingtips4u.com gives opinions and recommendations of the professional team, they are not diagnostic. For each particular case or problem in your horses, we recommend that you contact a professional, who makes the diagnosis for the horse. We always advise you, if you find any changed behavior in your horse, don’t be late to consult your trusted veterans experts.
Have a nice day!!