The Berber horse, or Berber, is a precious breed from North Africa and today is the protagonist of our blog. A different horse that belongs to a really old race, with unique characteristics and peculiarities. Today we prepare this article, about Berber horse history and breeds. Let’s check this article.
The content of the summery:
- History and origin of the Berber horse
- Origin of the Andalusian horse?
- Characteristics of the Berber horse
- Differences with the Arabian horse
- A perfect horse for the desert
- A classic horse in danger of extinction
Here we present Berber horse biography
History and origin of the Berber horse
The Berber horse has its origin in North Africa, in the Maghreb area. It is a race that has been intimately linked with Islam. Since it is with the arrival of the Arabs and their sophisticated methods in the breeding of horses, around the 8th century, when this race is “molded” to this day.
It has even been said that this horse, in its purebred version, comes from a wild horse that survived the last glacial era, that’s nothing!
The traditional way of life of the tribes, at that time, allowed the qualities of the Berber horse to remain intact for so many centuries.
In its origin, the horses that were in the area were very primitive. We speak of a wild horse that had become accustomed to such a complicated territory, such as the deserts of the current countries of Algeria or Morocco, developing a great resistance and temperament.
Precisely, its area of origin and history has led to different confusions, and even to the fact that historians themselves do not agree.
The Islamic conquest brought the arrival of Arabian horses to the area. Where in some cases it was mixed with the Berber horse. This fact and the subsequent Muslim conquest of Southern Europe led us to think, on many occasions, that the Arabian horse was the same as the traditional Berber, something that obviously is not the case.
Origin of the Andalusian horse?
In fact, there are different theories that suggest that the Berber horse is the origin of the Andalusian horse, having a great incidence in the crossing of races emerged after the Muslim Conquest of the Iberian Peninsula.
In other cases, it is suggested that their resemblance to this race, as happens with the Arab race, is due to much earlier coexistence that has endowed them with similar characteristics, in addition to the bidirectional transit between both areas throughout history.
Be that as it may, it is considered to have had a great influence on other breeds of horses, such as that of thoroughbred horses. If you want to know more about best horses in the world, we suggest to 10 here.
Characteristics of the Berber horse
The characteristics of the Berber horse can vary depending on the area where they are. Did you know that its height is higher if the Berber horses come from the East Maghreb?
As a general rule, this breed of horses has a height of around 1.45 meters and 1.60 meters at the withers, being very characteristic because it is practically as tall as it is long. It weighs between 440 and 550 Kg, so it is considered a medium-sized horse.
It has a short back and a very muscular neck in the shape of a swan. Of short hair and thick mane, it is a horse that stands out for its beauty and that we can find in colors like black, chestnut or chestnut.
Differences with the Arabian horse
As we have said, the fact that the Arabian horse coexisted with the Berber in the same area and that they have even mixed, often confuses them, but they can be quite different.
In order to differentiate a Berber horse from an Arabian horse. We have to focus on two fundamental aspects: the shape of its head and that of its rump.
Thus, in the case of the Berber horse, the shape of its head is convex, while that of the Arabian horse is concave.
Another difference that is notorious is the disposition of his rump. The Arabian horse presents a horizontal rump between its front and hind legs. However, the Berber horse has an inclined rump, where its hind legs are longer than the front ones.
A perfect horse for the desert
The very origin of the Berber horse has made it a horse with great strength and agility in any type of terrain, being especially resistant in its legs and highly prized to originate other races of racehorses.
In addition, it has a very docile and balanced temperament. So, it has been widely used not only in races but in other disciplines such as dressage.
A classic horse in danger of extinction
Despite having been one of the oldest and most used horse breeds in the world. The truth is that from the 50s, its number began to be drastically reduced until it was in danger of extinction.
That is why, from Algeria – although there are still copies of purebred Berbers in Morocco, Spain and the South of France. The World Organization of the Berber Horse (OMCB) was founded, with the aim of preserving this incredible race.
As you can see, the Berber or Berber horse is a historical horse, originating from some other highly valued breeds. But which nevertheless has been on the verge of disappearing. Let’s hope it’s not like that and we’ll continue to see this horse tour the desert!
We hope now you know everything about horse Berber. We always try to engage all the information. If you think we miss some information, please comment below the line.
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The article gives opinions and recommendations of the professional team, they are not diagnostic. For each particular case or problem in your horses, we recommend that you contact a professional. Who makes the diagnosis for the horse. We always advise you, if you find any changed behavior in your horse. Don’t be late to consult your trusted veterans experts.
Have a nice day!!