With the arrival of low temperatures, many people wonder if it is better to keep racing horses in stable or outdoors. To answer this question, we will try to summarize the advantages and disadvantages of each option. In addition, we offer some tips to prepare the environment where we will shelter our equines for horse stables design.
Here we share some advice for your horse stables design
Horse Stables or open air ?: comparing the pros and cons
On the one hand, raising horses outdoors means respecting their natural way of life and giving them greater freedom. We must not forget that equines are independent beings, who are prepared to survive in the wild. The fact of training and teaching them does not change their essence, nor the needs and desires inherent to their nature.
Having racing horses outdoors also makes it easier for us to manage your healthy weight and maintain a daily physical activity. Non-athlete horses raised in stables gain weight more easily and are more vulnerable to diseases associated with obesity.
But outdoor life can also pose a risk to the health of our equines. In many countries, winter brings unfavorable situations for the development and survival of horses. In addition, in wilder areas, loose horses are more vulnerable to attack by potential predators.
Origin and evolution of the horse
Although some equines manage to adapt to extreme cold, this should not be understood as a rule for the species. Horses are native to temperate climates, which is why very low temperatures and climatic adversities can damage their health.
If we want to raise horses in controlled environments, we need to offer them the optimal conditions for their development. In places, with freezing winters this translates into the construction of horse stables design where they shelter and protect them.
So, is it better to create horses in stable or outdoors?
In their natural habitat, horses live outdoors and have the autonomy to move when they need or want. However, they may also choose to keep warm in the face of climatic adversities, such as rain, wind, snow or extreme cold. That is, of course, equines would seek refuge so as not to be exposed to the elements.
Therefore, it is best to leave the horses outdoors when the weather conditions are favorable. In this way, we manage to give our horses freedom without putting their health and wellbeing at risk.
Tips for conditioning your racing horse stables design
As we see, the stables will be our allies to protect our horses and maintain their good health. However, we must prepare them with care and dedication to offer optimal conditions for the development of horses.
Checking the structure of the barn
Before winter, it will be essential to check the structure of the stables and ensure that they are prepared to shelter the animals. When checking the roof, we must ensure that there are no fissures or holes that allow water filtration or the entry of cold.
Each stable must have space where the horse can sleep and rest. This place should be warm, clean and well ventilated to avoid the accumulation of moisture. It is also advisable to leave a blanket at the disposal of the horse or cover it directly when the night comes.
Good hygiene is crucial for the health of your horse
In addition to well conditioned, the stables of our horses should always be kept clean. The daily sanitization will be essential to prevent accumulation of impurities and food debris and prevent the proliferation of microorganisms.
The barn will also need good ventilation and lighting to combat the concentration of mold or bacteria. During the winter, or in very rainy seasons, the humidity of the air is more intense. Therefore, we must be vigilant and check daily the cleaning of the stables. Here we present 4 most common horse diseases in your racehorses.
Feeding and hydration during the winter
Another essential care with the arrival of cold is to ensure that horses receive balanced nutrition and adequate hydration. During the winter, equines will need to receive more food. Your body must have an energy reserve to keep your metabolism active and protect it from the cold.
We will also need to be attentive to its hydration during the coldest season of the year. Horses in stables or outdoors should have fresh, clean water at their fingertips throughout the day. In addition, the sprue needs to be protected from the weather to avoid water contamination.
Lighting and other’s
The lighting should be dim at night (LED type) because, horses do not usually sleep the same hours that a human being sleeps at the same time, but they either put a little head on their feet (which may seem complicated but is in their nature to defend themselves against possible predators) or they sleep for 15 continuous hours in more extreme cases (REM sleep) and that gives them separate security so that the rider can see them. An excess of light bothers them … and later in the bills. A white paint considerably improves the lighting and the sense of spaciousness more than other colors such as red or dark varnishes.
A very important thing is that all machinery, such as a water pump or an electric generator, should be away from horses because the horse’s ear is much more sensitive and start the machine can be scared.
Fire extinguishing systems must be installed and every 20-30 m of an extinguisher must be installed. In addition, there must be a double exit evacuation to evacuate the horses and staff quickly in a short time.
The arcade that I have created is to hold the horse to be able to brush it or to saddle it with security and not to escape. Also, being there, the horse can be calmer to see the other inside the box.
The roof is relative but my concept will have a translucent roof and that can be opened, in the corridor that will allow, on good days, good ventilation (which is very important since horses need twice as much oxygen as a human). You can also install forced ventilation … but you have to tend more towards the natural one.
In addition, you must have at least one washing area for the horses in which, the water intake has to be on one side using an extension arm for the comfort of the caregiver and a shelf where to store the shampoos, conditioners etc … the horse on one of the sides and not behind for safety. The illumination of the said zone should be with cold or fluorescent light. The temperature of the water should be warm since the skin of the horse is very thin and sensitive to changes in temperature and could be uncomfortable for the horse, even if it is very hot or cold, wash it with very cold water or with very hot water (in which could cause a burn).
It should be, and it is advisable, to allocate space for storage of hay, straw, and horse feed inside the barn for days that cannot be moved to the barn.
We hope now you understand how to design your horse stables and comfort for your racing horses, and keep your horses happily more than before.
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Have a nice day!!